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Ear Problems

The common ear problems !

Ear Pain

Ear pain can be due to many causes. Few of the common conditions encountered in day today practice are as follows. Most common cause is impacted wax in the ear canal. Other causes can be foreign body in ear canal, fungal or bacterial infection, common cold and trauma to ear with stick or ear bud.

  • a) Ear wax :   Wax is formed in normal healthy ears. It is a mixture of secretion of ceruminous and sebaceous gland in the ear canal skin. It protects the ear from entry of insects or any foreign body and may have antibacterial properties. Generally wax need not be cleaned as it keeps on moving outwards along with the skin of canal and flakes and falls off. If excessive wax formation is there it may get collected and block the ears. Then it has to be removed. Use of ear buds tends to push the wax in the deeper canal against the ear drum and ear buds absorbs the moisture which makes wax dry and hard. It is then very painful and also difficult to remove. For hard and impacted wax, wax softening ear drops is given before removal to ease its removal and prevent trauma to the ear drum.
  • b) Foreign body in ear canal :   Foreign body in ear canal could be insects, cotton buds, ground nuts, peas, beads, match sticks etc. Most commonly seen in children, are beads, ground nuts, peas etc. Its removal is important as it may swell up and cause more pain and blockage of ear. If left unattended for long time it may develop infection. If the foreign body has entered in the deeper canal it will have to be removed after sedating the patient.
  • c) Fungal and bacterial infection :   Fungal infection is seen in ear canal more in monsoon due to dampness of the climate which is favourable for fungal growth. It presents as severe itching and pain with slight wetness and discharge from ear. Cleaning the ear by ENT doctor, antifungal and analgesic treatment usually settles the problem.
    Bacterial infection can be in the outer canal of the ear (otitis externa) or inside the ear drum (otitis media). Pain is severe in otitis externa. Otitis media is a build-up of fluid in the middle ear, which is the space between the eardrum and the inner ear. Usually the middle ear is filled with air, but sometimes it gets filled with fluid or mucus, for example during a cold. In acute otitis media, pain is intense in initial days due to inflammation and build-up of fluid pressure in the middle ear. If left untreated, the ear drum ruptures,followed by discharge from the ear that relieves pain and pressure in middle ear. The sufferer will usually have associated low grade fever and blocked sensation in the ear. Seeking advice from an ENT doctor at an early stage of the disease will prevent further complication arising from it.

Ear Discharge

Ear discharge can arise from the outer ear canal or from the middle ear through the perforation in the ear drum known as otitis media.

Otitis externa is the condition when there is infection in the external ear canal skin, it can be a generalised swelling in the canal skin or a furuncle. If the hair follicle of the canal skin is infected, it forms a small localised painful swelling called furunculitis, and when it ruptures there is discharge from the ear.

In otitis media, the middle ear is filled with fluid or mucus. If the mucus gets infected with bacteria, it causes an ear infection which may be acute or chronic. Various causes of otitis media are common cold, blocked eustachian tube (ET) due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids, blockage of nose due to structural abnormality or diseases like nasal mass and sinusitis, etc.

Chronic otitis media is caused by an initial episode of acute otitis media, and its main symptom is a persistent discharge from the ear. If eardrum becomes perforated, one may experience some hearing loss, although this should resolve once the infection has passed and the perforation heals. However, if the perforation persists, it may lead to permanent hearing loss and problems with language development in children.Otitis media is diagnosed from the symptoms and by examining the eardrum with an instrument called an auriscope, or otoscope.

Examining the tympanic membrane gives some clues as to what is happening inside the ear. The examination will also show whether eardrum is perforated or not. It is advisable to get the ear checked with an ENT surgeon.

Chronic otitis media lasts for a long time or keeps coming back. As the symptoms are often less severe than those of an acute infection, the infection may go unnoticed and untreated for a long time. This may cause more damage than an acute infection.

Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat otitis media in cases where the infection is severe or where it gets worse after two or three days. A long-term course of antibiotics may also help to prevent long-term or recurrent otitis media. Painkillers may be used to control the symptoms of otitis media (pain and fever). Nasal drops containing decongestants may be used to reduce the swelling of the mucous membranes in the nose and back of the throat. This may help to keep the Eustachian tubes clear, and allow mucus to drain from the middle ear. Drops containing antibiotic medication have been shown to help reduce the amount of pus that comes from the ear. Standard treatments for chronic otitis media include debridement, topical ear therapy and dry ear precautions. In those cases that do not result in spontaneous healing of the TM with conservative measures, surgical intervention is considered.

Ear Blockage

Ear blockage can be due to wax, foreign body in the ear canal, swelling in the canal or pus or fungal debris. It can also be due to fluid behind the ear drum or a block in the Eustachian tube. This may happen after a pressure change such as a flight or diving. Examination of ear, nose and throat is needed to know the cause of ear blockage, and accordingly the appropriate treatment can be taken.

Decrease Hearing / Deafness

Decrease hearing can be a mild, moderate or severe hearing loss. There are different causes for loss of hearing. An impacted wax in the ear canal can also cause mild hearing loss. Perforation in the ear drum, fluid behind the ear drum or degeneration of auditory nerve, usually age related or following certain illnesses are common causes.

Ringing in the ears / tinnitus

Tinnitus is a condition of ear when a continuous sound (ringing or beep) is heard apparently coming from the ear or head. Tinnitus is a relatively common experience and the great majority of peopledo not complain about it later.However, when it is persistent or loud, it can be very distressing. There are different causes of tinnitus. It can be due to causes with in the ear or outside the ear. Some of the medicines which are toxic to the ear can cause tinnitus. It is important to rule out the causes of tinnitus by examining the ear, audiometry when associated hearing loss and radiological investigation if needed.


Vertigo is not a disease. It is the sensation of rotatory feeling, spinning of the surrounding or imbalance. One of the functions of the ear is balance. The inner ear is sensitive to change in position of the head. There are small particle like structures in the inner ear called otoliths, which are responsible for perception of change in position. When these otoliths get displaced form its normal position and move in the inner ear, when the head is moved, it causes vertigo. This type of vertigo occurs when the sufferer lie down in bed on the affected side of the ear, on bending downward or looking up. It is diagnosed on history and clinical examination. Few positional manoeuvres are done by ENT doctor to replace these otoliths back in normal position, which usually settles the vertigo.

Bleeding from Ear

Bleeding from ear will generally occur after trauma to the canal skin or the ear drum, most commonly when people try to clean the ear with stick. It can also arise if there is infection in the ear canal or ear drum, swelling or mass in the ear canal etc. Examination of the ear is advisable to rule out serious causes of ear bleeding and initiate appropriate treatment.

Ear & Nose Piercing

Studex System 75 combines the highest hygiene and sterility standards with optimum ease of use. With System 75, Studex has taken ear piercing to an entirely new dimension. Perfectly hygienic, barely noticeable and allowing for great ease of use, ear piercing has been completely redefined for ear piercing specialists and customers alike

Impress your customers with a gentle and smooth ear piercing experience. Studex System 75 is ideal also for children due to its precise engineering, beautiful piercing earrings designs and silent piercing process.

Compared to other instruments, Strudex system 75 no longer "punches" a hole, it pierces the ear in a gentle and tissue friendly manner.

As the world's largest manufacturer of ear piercing systems ans sterile, individually sealed piercing earrings, Studex provides superior technology for a hassel free and barely noticeable ear piercing experience. Made in Los Angeles, California.

3 Good Reasons to choose Studex System 75

  1. Precision and pin-point accuracy with a clear;y visible point.
  2. Better healing due to a clasp which allows for optimum air circulation
  3. The piercing process is silent and barely noticeable. Ideal for children as well as adults.